2014 College- and Career-Readiness Standards Legislation

As of November 11, 2014, NCSL has identified over 375 unique bills that address, even if tangentially, college- and career-readiness (CCR) standards. Eighty-five bills have become state law. These bills include those addressing the different policies needed to implement statewide CCR standards (e.g., assessments, educator professional development, curricula, etc.) or to enhance a state's capacity to implement CCR standards and their aligned assessments (through appropriation, etc.). Another subset of these bills addresses legislative concerns with statewide standards adoption or implementation of CCR standards and are categorized as legislative redress. Of the redress legislation, 77 bills would limit or halt implementation of new CCR standards: 37 bills would appear to slow down or delay implementation; 40 would appear to halt or revoke implementation of CCRS.

Please refer to the 2014 dashboard to navigate these bills based upon specific search criteria (bill status, bill topic, date of last action on the bill, etc.), and to the category descriptions below for more information on how bills are identified.

(Updated November 11, 2014)

Category Descriptions

To help more quickly locate and research specific measures within this legislation, bills are identified and tagged under three general categories:

Implementation Legislation

Legislation that supports statewide implementation of CCRS or aligns existing state law to support implementation. These bills address the gamut of policies needed to implement CCRS statewide, including policies that:
      • Employ the new standards and assessments to support existing state education policy priorities;
      • Direct uses of CCRS-aligned assessments in accountability systems, whether school grading systems or teacher evaluation systems, or for high school graduation criteria;
      • Align educator training or professional development programs to CCRS; or
      • Provide for a statewide system of quality control over CCRS-aligned curricula.

To organize this legislation, implementation bills are categorized into one or more of five major implementation areas:

      • Assessments,
      • Accountability systems,
      • Curriculum or instructional materials,
      • Educator-related policies, and
      • Higher education alignment.
    For a full list of tags used under each implementation category, click here.

Capacity Enhancement Legislation

Legislation that provides an appropriation for CCRS implementation, or increases the statewide education system's capacity to support CCRS implementation.

Redress Legislation

Legislation that seeks 'to set right' a state's adoption of CCRS. Bills under this category fall along a wide spectrum. On one end, some redress bills establish a formal legislative or departmental review of CCRS implementation, while some others amend how the state will develop and adopt future academic standards. On the other end, some bills place limitations on statewide implementation of CCRS, including delaying the use of CCRS-aligned assessment data in accountability systems, or requiring revocation of the new standards in toto.

To organize this legislation, redress bills are categorized into one or more of the following areas:

Bills to Limit Implementation
      • Delay implementation;
      • Preclude spending on CCRS-related implementation activities; or
      • Revoke adoption of CCRS.
Redress Bills that Do Not Necessarily Limit Implementation
  • Allow local districts or schools to opt out of CCRS or CCRS-aligned assessments;
  • Amend the state’s Administrative Procedure Act and/or academic standards adoption procedures;
  • Provide a formal state-led review; or,
  • Withdraw the state from participating in the PARCC or Smarter Balanced assessment consortia.
For a breakdown of the states and the legislation that would limit implementation by delaying, slowing down or altogether halting statewide implementation of CCRS, click here.

Click here for a wrap up of 2014 legislative sessions.